Dr. Jacques COULARDEAU & Ivan EVE
EMERGENCE OF HOMO SAPIENS — INVENTION OF ARTICULATED LANGUAGE — PHYLOGENY OF LANGUAGE — MIGRATIONS OUT OF BLACK AFRICA — THREE ARTICULATIONS — THREE LINGUISTIC FAMILIES
Editions La Dondaine — 2017
UPDATE SEPTEMBER 2018
This research is presented in many conferences and colloquia and it is progressing. I have today realized that the standard phrase “migrations out of Africa” was a way not to say the essential truth that Homo Sapiens evolved in BLACK AFRICA and the first migration was OUT OF BLACK AFRICA to Northern Africa down the Nile valley. Then all other migrations were also OUT OF BLACK AFRICA mostly via the Horn of Africa (Djibouti) to the Southern Arabic Corridor (Aden — Hormuz) and then to Central Asia and the Middle East. And from there respectively and chronologically to The whole of Asia, to Europe and to the Americas, and after the Peak of the Ice Age to Europe again (but not the same people) and the Indian sub-continent.
I find this evolution of mine and the people I am speaking to fascinating because we have to slowly and systematically unknit the colonial heritage that is our Western blindness. It is so slow, so long, so painful at times to realize we have been BRAIN-WHITE-WASHED into a European-Western-centered vision of anything scientific. If the Chinese have some chicken flu epidemic, Western media will of course insinuate or imply that they will fail to control it. If the English have a foot-and-mouth epidemic among cows and sheep it is insinuated it originated in Asia (see Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foot-and-mouth_disease) and no one doubts it will be solved in no time.
But apart from this “formulation” or “phrase”, this research is basically correct and it innovates on quite a few elements. So please correct the phrase “out of Africa” and replace it with OUT OF BLACK AFRICA.
Dr. Jacques COULARDEAU
BACK COVER PRESENTATION
Cro-Magnon’s language is an ambitious project in phylogenic linguistics. The objective is to go back to the shift from animal to human articulated language. Homo Sapiens some 300,000 years ago, found himself endowed with mutations selected by his being a long distance fast bipedal runner: a very low larynx; a complex articulating apparatus; a sophisticated coordinating system bringing together diaphragm, breathing, heartbeat, legs, and general body posture. These three physiological improvements permitted new linguistic possibilities: more consonants; more vowels; a brain able to construct a mind both producing and produced by articulated language. This developed the ability to conceptualize and develop abstract thinking.
The phylogeny of language from a purely linguistic and cognitive point of view activates three articulations to generate human language: vowels and consonants; the morphology of the word from root to stem and then frond; the syntactic structures of utterances. This is based on the communicational syntax conveyed by the human communicational situation that requires the power to conceptualize, both daily procedural communication and inter/intra-generational cognitive and didactic communication.
Homo Sapiens evolved in Black Africa from previous hominins (Homo Faber or Homo Ergaster) that already migrated out of Black Africa to the Middle East and Central Asia where Neanderthals and Denisovans respectively evolved from them. The nest of this evolution is debated due to recent archaeological discoveries, but the first migration was in Africa from sub-Saharan Black Africa to Northern Africa. Then out of Africa.
I assume the migrations took place every time the phylogeny of language stabilized on the basis of each articulation. The first migration was on the basis of the simple consonant-vowel articulation producing root languages (all consonantal root languages). The second migration on the basis of the morphological articulation produced stems categorized as nouns or verbs, spatial or temporal. These languages are isolating invariable-character languages. The third migration corresponded to the production of fronds, words syntactically categorized as functional nominals and conjugated verbals ready to build syntactic utterances. The communicational syntax was essential to build discourse in root language and little by little was integrated in langue itself reducing the extension and role of discourse, and in the last forms many categories integrated in words are exteriorized outside the words as determiners, prepositions, auxiliaries, adverbs, thus realizing in langue abstract systems of categorizing operations and forms.
These migrations lead us to three phylogenic linguistic families: consonantal root languages; isolating invariable-character stem languages; and agglutinative or synthetic-analytical frond languages. These languages spread in the world along with the successive migrations of Homo Sapiens. The answer then to the question about Cro-Magnon’s language is simple and clear: an agglutinative Turkic set of languages and dialects we could call Old European languages to be replaced after the Ice Age by Indo-European languages coming from the Iranian plateau and Mesopotamia.
Follow the detail of this exploration in this book, a lifetime research, and exploration and the first stage of a vaster research. The next stage is the linguistic psychogenesis of human children and language learners. That next stage will come soon. The final stage will be the exploration of how acculturation-deculturation-acculturation is the very human process of human civilization and corresponds to the Buddhist birth-death-rebirth vision invented in the other branch of Indo-Iranian languages, viz. the Indo-Aryan languages that migrated from the same nest as Indo-European languages but east instead of west.
This is the introduction to the first part of my research on the phylogeny of language since the emergence of Homo Sapiens some 300,000 years ago, at least.
I try to coordinate the phylogeny of articulated human language onto the migrations of Homo Sapiens out of Black Africa and I get to the idea that the main three linguistic families can be thus ordered in time as well as along with the dispersal of man across the face of the earth.
This introduction is submitted to discussion and all remarks and contribution will be integrated into the final work to be published within a few months.
I thank you for your time and your remarks and I hope you do enjoy the summer.