And that shows the advantage of the Chinese system that enables a lot of capital to be invested in research and how start-ups are the dynamic method used by Chinese planners to get the highest level of innovation and the integration of this innovation into industry and commerce. The US system of free enterprise and unregulated market lead to short-term policies and useless aggressive competition that does not look beyond the profit line that works on at most six-month horizon.

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Dr Jacques COULARDEAU, PhD in Germanic Linguistics (University Lille III) and ESP Teaching (University Bordeaux II) has been teaching all types of ESP

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