And he was the author who committed the worst anti-Muslim and anti-Islam, and anti-Muhammad play you can imagine. He was not the real deepest thinker they want us to believe. Politically, Montesquieu was a century ahead of him as for political institutions and political democracy. Socially, Jean Jacques Rousseau was at least two centuries ahead of him with his idea of a social contract existing behind all organized societies. Even the libertine and amoral Diderot was ahead of Voltaire with his Encyclopedia and his writings on the sexual perversions of his century, though of course De Sade was the great master in this latter field, and in the Bastille Dungeons. Voltaire is overrated due to his propensity to flirt with royals all over Europe and particularly the Russian Tzarina, Catherine, isn’t she? An “enlightened” dictatress both politically and socially. How many million Russians and other ethnic individuals were deported to Siberia to die slowly under her enlightened power?

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Dr Jacques COULARDEAU, PhD in Germanic Linguistics (University Lille III) and ESP Teaching (University Bordeaux II) has been teaching all types of ESP

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